The manufacture of a blockboard involves several stages from the selection of the raw material to the final finishing. In this post Maderterraneo describes the general process for the production of a blockboard:
Raw Material Selection:
The process begins with the selection of suitable wood. Quality solid wood boards are chosen, usually from hardwood species such as iroko, oak or steamed beech. The wood must be well dried to ensure stability and durability.
Cutting and planking:
The wooden boards are cut into narrower strips and planed, i.e. they are given a flat, uniform shape. This process is carried out using specialized machines, such as saws and planers, to obtain strips of wood with precise dimensions and thicknesses.
Gluing and pressing:
Once the strips of blockboard are ready, a specialized type of glue designed for wood is applied to the surfaces to be joined. These strips are arranged according to a specific pattern, often interleaving the wood fibers to improve the strength and stability of the board. They are then pressed together tightly. The pressure applied during this process ensures that the strips adhere perfectly to each other, forming a strong, solid panel.
Drying and Curing:
After gluing, the panels are placed in controlled drying areas to remove residual moisture and allow the adhesive to cure completely. This process is essential to ensure the dimensional stability of the board.
Cut to size:
Once the panels are dry, they are cut to the desired dimensions to form the blockboard. This involves cutting the board to its final width and length according to the final product specifications.
After cutting, blockboard undergoes a finishing process. This may include sanding to smooth surfaces and remove imperfections, as well as the application of protective finishes such as varnishes or oils for protection against moisture and wear.
Inspection and Quality:
Before being packaged and distributed, blockboard undergoes a quality inspection process to ensure that it meets established standards. Dimensions, finishes and other quality criteria are checked to ensure that each board meets expectations.
Once these stages are completed, the blockboard is ready for distribution and use in a variety of applications, such as wall cladding, flooring, furniture and other woodworking projects.